Worldwide, the number of refugees and refugees has increased exponentially. In host country health systems, the issue of refugees can have a significant impact on the planning and delivery of services. People residing as immigrants and refugees are more likely to have mental disorders as they might experience traumatic events.
For example, separation from family, going through a life-endangering journey, long wait for stable conditions, the law of better living standards. Most of them are at risk for psychological symptoms and serious mental illnesses that can persist for many years after rehabilitation. The lack of awareness amongst immigrants causes them to suffer immensely.
Usually, there are three phases of migration… There are changes in personal ties, you may lose some relations, you have to build your social relations again and then adapt to the new culture. The three phases of migration are often referred to as premigration, migration and postmigration resettlement. Every phase of migration has its own hardships and effect on the mental health of the immigrant.
In pre premigration period the immigrant might have to go through changes in social networks. In the next phase of migration, the person suffers the insecurity and stress of uncertainty about his living status in the country and may also face situations where he is exposed to violence. Sometimes the people who seek asylum have to spend time in camps with an extreme lack of resources and harsh conditions. It aggravates the feelings of powerlessness.
These all circumstances lead to mental illness and especially increase the risk of depression in immigrants. As a result of initial losses during the process of immigration and when expectations are not met disillusionment, demoralization and depression occur. This situation worsens when the immigrants and their families are unable to make a smooth transition and face a lot of problems settling in their new home because of social evils like racism and discrimination.
The sense of deprivation and powerlessness can be overcomed by providing the immigrants with confirmation about their status as soon as possible. It replaces depression with hope and optimism and leaves a good impact on the mental health of the person.
Mental Illness Among Refugees
The prevalence rates of mental illness among refugees also vary widely at the systematic review level. A research was conducted to evaluate the mental health of immigrants residing in the UK with 200 immigrant participants of the research and results showed a 9% increase in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a 5% hike in major depressive disorder, and a 4% increase in generalized anxiety disorder.
Uncontrolled weight gain has been reported. A recent systematic review of 8,176 Syrian refugees settled in 10 countries raised 43% PTSD, 40% depression, and 26% anxiety. Because literature focuses on certain cultural groups or countries that control or integrate immigrants with refugees and refugees, the prevalence of mental illness among many refugees and refugees is not within borders.
There is also no research examining the prevalence of mental illness, as the literature focuses on PTSD and depression, which requires a comprehensive, global, systematic review of mental illness among many refugees. The differences may be caused due to different approaches of the research conducted.
For example, reporting measures often exaggerate symptoms, but the literature relies heavily on these data and not on comprehensive psychological testing using proven diagnostic tools. Such refugees have no experience: country of origin or place of residence, time of immigration, or immigration information, among other important factors.
Forced Migration and Mental Illness
Due to the changing nature of forced migration and the recording numbers of refugees and refugees, it is time to consider this issue in the light of several published studies revising the two major revisions previously mentioned. The current growth profile should be a powerful tool to encourage and assist governing countries and aid agencies to strengthen health services to provide timely diagnostic and therapeutic priorities in line with the World Health Organization (WHO) priorities and plans.
The Need For Timely Mental Health Care
Providing appropriate, timely, and permanent mental health care to refugees and refugees benefits not only the individual but also the host nation, as it enhances the country’s social and economic capital’s chances of successful, long-term recovery, which can affect not only the demolished generation but also the second generation.
The guidance through the literature and surveys conducted worldwide will help a clear insight of mental health issues in immigrants and refugees and help find out the solution to minimize the mental health disorder among the refugees and immigrants. for example, interventions, minimal-understanding mental health status, or long-term mental health trajectory.
PTSD and Depression
PTSD and depression are more common in refugees and refugees than in most individuals. The World Mental Health Survey shows that the life expectancy is 3.9% for PTSD and 12% for any depression, 31% for our diagnosis for PTSD, and 31.5% for depression. Only 11 studies reporting data on anxiety transmission experienced an induction process for this review, and only six out of 11 tested full-scale DSM anxiety disorders.
With the recent release of DSM-5, PTSD is no longer considered a depressive disorder, but a special category of stress-related trauma and disorder. More thorough research is required to deal with the issues regarding mental health, especially anxiety and depression. Although many countries are striving to create awareness and treat these illnesses, there is still a lot of room that needs to be covered. To conclude, mental health is equally important as physical health.
Authorities must focus on providing better mental health facilities especially to immigrants as stats show a higher rate of mental health disorders in immigrants. It will not only lead to better individual lives but also better health standards as a nation. Counseling sessions and special care centers were provided for people facing any sort of mental health issues. Ensuring that immigrants are aware of their rights and mental health needs is of the utmost importance. If you want to know more about mental health services you can avail as an immigrant, contact iasservices.org.uk